Montero is one of the poorest cities in Bolivia, which is one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, second only to Haiti. Routine healthcare - vaccinations, infant care, medication to control chronic diseases - is unattainable to most families there. Children are suffering from preventable or treatable conditions, such as malnourishment, epilepsy, diabetes, rheumatic fever, asthma, and deafness due to chronic ear infections.

Montero, Bolivia, is a rapidly growing community comprised of highly traditional Quechua, Ayamara and Guaraní indigenous groups.